Adjusting entry for interest on capital

Sometimes owner of the the business regards his capital as investment on which he should receive interest. Interest at normal rate is calculated on owner’s capital and is charged to the income statement (or profit and loss account) for the purpose of ascertaining what extra income is derived from the business over and above the usual rate of interest on capital employed. The capital invested in the business is treated as loan granted to the business.

Adjusting entries

The interest on capital is an expense to business and the following adjusting entry would be made to record it:

adjusting-entry-capital-img1

Example

Mr. White had a capital balance of $50,000 on January 1, 2016. Interest is allowed on capital at the rate of 10%. Make adjusting entries on December 31, 2016.

Solution

At December 31, 2016, the following adjusting entry will be made to record interest on White’s capital:

adjusting-entry-capital-img2

Interest on capital: $50,000 × 0.1 = $5,000

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