Current Cost of Sales Adjustment (COSA)

Definition

The CCA technique, cost of sales are to be calculated on the basis of the cost of replacing the goods at the time they are sold. The important principle is that current costs must be matched with current revenues. Sale is current revenue and out of the costs, all operating expenses are current costs. The case of inventories, certain adjustments will have to be made, known as the cost of sales adjustment.

Cost of Sales Adjustment (COSA) Formula

Cost of sales adjustment can be calculated with the help of the following formula:


Cost of Sales Adjustment (COSA) Formula

Where,

C = Historical cost of closing stock
O = Historical cost of opening stock
Ia = Average Index number
Ic = Index number appropriate to closing stock
Io = Index number appropriate to opening stock

This has been explained in the following example.

Example

Calculate the Cost of sales adjustment (COSA) from the following:

Historical CostIndex Number
$$
Opening Stock52,000100
Purchases2,20,000110
(Average)
Total goods2,72,000
Less: Closing Stock72,000120
Cost of sales2,00,000

Solution

Cost of Sales Adjustment (COSA) Formula

COSA = (72,000 – 52,000) – 110 (72,000 / 120 – 52,000 / 120)

= 20,000 – 110 (600 – 520)

= 20,000 – 8,800

=$11,200

Cost of sales adjustment can also be calculated as under:

Also Check:  Inflation Accounting

Current Cost of Sales (COSA) Example

COSA = Current cost of sales – Historical cost of sales

= 2,11,200 – 2,00,000

= $11,200

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