Going concern concept
The going concern concept states that all records are made on the assumption that the business will continue for foreseeable future. Unless it is known that the business will close down at a determinable time, all transactions are recorded in a routine manner and there is no need for any special valuation or adjustment.
Under this concept, it is assumed that the business will operate for a long period of time. When a business is started it is assumed that it will not be dissolved in near future. The financial statements i.e. Profit & Loss Account and Balance Sheet are also prepared under this assumption, as this concept leads in making distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditures. Here it should be noted that it is not assumed that business will be profitable throughout its existence.
As this concept relates to future which is unpredictable, therefore some factors can be used to determine that a business is a Going Concern e.g. A Going Concern must have a strong capital structure & should be able to overcome any short-term risk or it should have reasonable liquid assets or its product should have a continuous demand etc.
However, if it is known that business will close down in say next two or three months, it would be more appropriate to state its assets not at cost but at the value at which these can be sold on closure of the business. At that stage, it may also be necessary to take account of all legal obligations that may not have been previously brought to books.
Unless it is categorically stated otherwise, all accounting records and income statement or balance sheets are prepared on the assumption that the business will continue to function for an indefinite future period.
1. An organization produces a compound called Chemical-X. Unexpectedly, the federal government imposes a limitation on the production, export, import, sale and marketing of this compound in the country. In case Chemical-X could be the only product that the company produces, the business will no longer be determined as a going concern.
2. If the National company falls in some serious economic problem and cannot cover its duties. The federal government provides National company bailout package and also a guaranty to clear all its credit payments. The national company is still a going concern regardless of its present weak financial standing.
3. Even the Eastern company closes among its division and also certainly will keep on together with other folks. The business is a going concern as the closing down a little portion of business doesn’t impair the capacity of the enterprise to use as going concern.
4. The small business is not able to make payments to its own creditors due to an extremely poor liquidity position. The court grants the purchase price of liquidating the company up on the petition of 1 of their firm’s creditors. The business is not a major concern as satisfactory evidence can be found to feel that the corporation can’t endure its operations within the future.