Accounting methods for treasury stock

Accounting practice for treasury stock encompasses two general approaches: The cost method Par value method It is important to note that precise rules do not exist for either method. The following discussions focus on the most straightforward types of transactions; further, the equity accounts used are consistent with the simplified concept. That is, the general …

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Cost method of treasury stock

Definition The cost method is based on the assumption that the acquisition of treasury stock is essentially a temporary reduction in stockholders’ equity that will be reversed when the shares are reissued. It is widely used because of its simplicity. Explanation At the time of acquisition of the shares, the Treasury Stock account is debited …

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Retirement of treasury stock

Where state laws and the corporation’s bylaws allow it, the board of directors can vote to retire shares of stock. This action goes beyond the acquisition of treasury shares by actually removing them from the issued category. Shares acquired for retirement After appropriate approvals, the corporation may act to acquire shares for the purpose of …

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Convertible preferred stock

Conversion In some situations, stock of one class may be changed to stock of another class. The primary events producing this result are conversions and recapitalizations. Convertible preferred stock can be exchanged for shares of common stock at the request of the holder. Conversion can be forced, however, if the stock is also callable. Convertible …

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